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PROSTATE CANCER

Introduction

Prostate cancer is a disease which only affects men. Cancer begins to grow in the prostate - a gland in the male reproductive system.Causes, Incidence, And Risk FactorsProstate cancer is the most common cause of death from cancer in men over age 75 and is rarely found in men younger than 40.
People who are at higher risk include:

  • African-American men, who are also likely to develop cancer at every age
  • Men who are older than 60
  • Men who have a father or brother with prostate cancer
     

Signs and Symptoms
The symptoms listed below can occur with prostate cancer, usually at a late stage. These symptoms can also be caused by other prostate problems:

  • Delayed or slowed start of urinary stream
  • Dribbling or leakage of urine, most often after urinating
  • Slow urinary stream
  • Straining when urinating, or not being able to empty out all of the urine
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • Bone pain or tenderness, most often in the lower back and pelvic bones (only when the cancer has spread)
     

Diagnosis
A trans-rectal ultrasound guided biopsy is needed to tell if you have prostate cancer. A sample of tissue is removed from the prostate and sent to a lab.The following tests may be done to determine whether the cancer has spread:

  • CT scan
  • Bone scan
     

Treatment
Treatment often depends on the stage of the cancer. Men with prostate cancer have many treatment options. The treatment that's best for one man may not be best for another. The options include watchful waiting, surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, and chemotherapy. One may have a combination of treatments.

  • For early-stage prostate cancer, this may include:
  • Surgery (radical prostatectomy)
  • Radiation therapy, including brachytherapy and proton therapy

If you are older, your doctor may recommend simply monitoring the cancer with PSA tests and biopsies.

  • If the prostate cancer has spread, treatment may include:
  • Hormone therapy (medicines to reduce testosterone levels)
  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy

After treatment for prostate cancer, you will be closely watched to make sure the cancer does not spread. This involves routine doctor check-ups, including PSA blood tests (usually every 3 months to 1 year).Prognosis
Prostate cancer rates are higher and prognoses are poorer in developed countries than in the rest of the world. Many of the risk factors for prostate cancer are more prevalent in the developed world, including longer life expectancy and diets high in red meat. In Nigeria, two percent of men develop prostate cancer, and 64% of them are dead after two years.

Prostate Assessment Clinic
Erectile dysfunction Clinic
Wellman clinic 

    • Prostate Assessment and Wellman clinic on Mondays & Thursdays 9:00am - 5:00 pm
    • Erectile Dysfunction Clinic on Wednesdays 9:00am - 5:00pm
    • Consultant Urologist Clinic on Tuesdays 5:30 - 7:00pm, Thursdays 11:00am - 1:00pm, Fridays 10;00am - 4:30pm
  • Call us on 01-2705803 , 07084358745 , 07030809081 , 08035288313| vantagemedicalcentre99@gmail.com for more details.